Matter & Energy News
December 11, 2018

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December 11, 2018

Dec. 11, 2018 — Researchers have developed a new theory to better predict how nanoclusters will behave when a given metal is introduced to their ... read more

Terahertz Laser for Sensing and Imaging Outperforms Its Predecessors

Dec. 11, 2018 — A new terahertz laser is the first to reach three key performance goals at once -- high constant power, tight beam pattern, and broad electric frequency tuning -- and could thus be valuable for a ... read more

Better Biomedical Devices, Wearable Displays May Result from Tiny Light-Guiding Structures

Dec. 11, 2018 — For the first time, researchers have fabricated light-guiding structures known as waveguides just over one micron wide in a clear silicone commonly used for biomedical applications. The tiny, ... read more

Dec. 10, 2018 — A special laser system has been developed, using two slightly different frequency combs. This allows for chemical analysis on tiny spaces -- it is a millimeter-format chemistry lab. With this new ... read more

Dec. 10, 2018 — What happens when lava and water meet? Explosive experiments with humanmade lava are helping to answer this important question. This long-term, ongoing study aims to shed light on the basic physics ... read more

Proteins for Making Tough Rubber

Dec. 10, 2018 — Inspired by nature, scientists have produced a synthetic analogue to vulcanized natural rubber. Their material is just as tough and durable as the original. They reveal the secret to their success: ... read more

Dec. 10, 2018 — Materials scientists have found that oscillating loads at certain frequencies can lead to several-fold increases in the strength of composites with an interface that is modified by a molecular layer ... read more

Using Machine Learning to Design Peptides

Dec. 10, 2018 — Scientists have developed a way of finding optimal peptide sequences: using a machine-learning algorithm as a collaborator. The algorithm analyzes experimental data and offers suggestions on the next ... read more

A New 'Spin' on Kagome Lattices

Dec. 7, 2018 — The kagome ferromagnet Fe3Sn2 exhibits an electronic state that couples unusually strongly to an applied magnetic field that can be rotated to point in any direction of a 3-dimensional space, ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — Researchers have used nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy to probe the hydrogen bonds that modulate the chemical reactivity of enzymes, catalysts and biomimetic complexes. The technique could ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — Research teams are investigating multiple pathways to scale up atom-based computing architectures using spin-orbit coupling -- advancing towards their goal of building a silicon-based quantum ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — Scientists have reported a successful free-space quantum key distribution (QKD) in daylight with the self-developed polarization encoding chip for the first time. QKD is one of the most promising ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — There is often a pronounced symmetry when you look at the lattice of crystals: the atoms are uniformly arranged. This behavior was also to be expected by a crystal, which physicists from Germany and ... read more

Damning Evidence of Dam's Impacts on Rainforest Birds

Dec. 7, 2018 — Conservation scientists have found that a dam built in Thailand 31 years ago has caused the local bird population to ... read more

Small Molecules Come Into Focus

Dec. 5, 2018 — Many biologically important small molecules, like hormones and amino acids, are too small to be measured by conventional detection methods. Researchers have created a new type of immuno-assay that is ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — Nature is so complex that natural molecules used for i.e. cancer treatment still can't be produced by chemical synthesis. Today, major chemical and pharmaceutical companies harvest large amounts ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — In the drive to find new ways to extend electronics beyond the use of silicon, physicists are experimenting with other properties of electrons, beyond charge. Physicists now describe a way to ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — A new study could provide engineers new design rules for creating microelectronics, membranes, and tissues, and open up better production methods for new materials. At the same time, the research ... read more

Dec. 7, 2018 — A 3D-printed glucose biosensor for use in wearable monitors has been created. The work could lead to improved glucose monitors for millions of people who suffer from ... read more

Rules to Boost Fuel Economy for Passenger Vehicles Will Do More Good Than Harm, New Study Shows

Dec. 6, 2018 — Experts conclude that rules on the books to increase fuel economy for passenger vehicles will do more good than harm, contradicting claims by the Trump administration as it seeks to roll back fuel ... read more

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