Viruses News
December 12, 2018

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updated 6:48am EST

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December 12, 2018

Dec. 11, 2018 — Human norovirus is a major cause of infections that can be particularly dangerous to children and elderly people. Here, a research team found that human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived ... read more

Key Cellular Mechanism That Triggers Pneumonia in Humans

Dec. 10, 2018 — Researchers have demonstrated that influenza virus impairs the immune response to pneumococcus, especially monocyte ... read more

Activating Parts of the Brain Could Help Alleviate Opioid-Related Social Isolation

Dec. 10, 2018 — One of the many painful and challenging aspects of the US opioid crisis is that people abusing opioids often isolate themselves from family and friends, making it difficult for loved ones to help ... read more

Infectivity of Different HIV-1 Strains May Depend on Which Cell Receptors They Target

Dec. 6, 2018 — Distinct HIV-1 strains may differ in the nature of the CCR5 molecules to which they bind, affecting which cells they can infect and their ability to enter cells, according to a new study. The ... read more

Cancer Drug May Help Treat Human Papillomavirus Infections

Nov. 30, 2018 — Preclinical experiments suggest the cancer drugs vorinostat, belinostat and panobinostat might be repurposed to treat infections caused by human papillomaviruses, or HPVs. Highly efficacious vaccines ... read more

Focus on Resistance to HIV Offers Insight Into How to Fight the Virus

Nov. 30, 2018 — Of the 40 million people around the world infected with HIV, less than one per cent have immune systems strong enough to suppress the virus for extended periods of time. These special immune systems ... read more

Certain State Lawmakers Aim to Loosen Childhood Vaccine Requirements, but Legal Barriers Persist

Nov. 29, 2018 — An analysis of proposed vaccine legislation between 2011 and 2017 shows that although the majority of proposed bills would have allowed more parents to exempt their children from school immunization ... read more

How HIV DNA Is Blocked from Entering the Cell Nucleus

Nov. 29, 2018 — Multiple components of the nuclear pore complex and nuclear import machinery enable a protein called human myxovirus resistance 2 (MX2) to inhibit HIV-1 infection, according to a new ... read more

How Viruses Hijack Part of Your Immune System and Use It Against You

Nov. 29, 2018 — An enzyme intended to prevent autoimmune disease can be hijacked and used by some viruses to avoid immune detection. There's also good news. The same team also defined how much viral genetic ... read more

Six Antibodies Produced to Combat Zika Virus

Nov. 29, 2018 — Researchers have generated six Zika virus antibodies that could be used to test for and possibly treat a mosquito-borne disease that has infected more than 1.5 million people ... read more

Ending the HIV Epidemic: Where Does Europe Stand?

Nov. 29, 2018 — From diagnosis of HIV to successful viral suppression: Researchers summarize the progress towards HIV elimination in 52 countries in Europe and Central Asia. The main issues: diagnosing those who are ... read more

HIV in Liver Cells Found to Be Inactive, Narrowing Potential Treatment Targets

Nov. 29, 2018 — In a proof-of-principle study, researchers revealed that certain immune system cells found in the human liver, called liver macrophages, contain only inert HIV and aren't likely to reproduce ... read more

Nov. 29, 2018 — Researchers have discovered that certain derivatives of amodiaquine, a medication typically used to treat malaria, could provide a new therapeutic approach to treating patients infected with Ebola ... read more

Nov. 28, 2018 — Researchers have developed a systematic way to compare the immune responses of humanized mice versus humans. They used this new testing platform to show that a newly developed humanized mouse shares ... read more

Vaccination May Reduce the Severity of the Flu in Vaccinated but Still Infected Patients

Nov. 28, 2018 — When influenza vaccination is ineffective in preventing the flu, it could have an additional effect reducing the severity of the infection, according to an epidemiological ... read more

Sugars and Microbiome in Mother's Milk Influence Neonatal Rotavirus Infection

Nov. 27, 2018 — Researchers reveal that complex interactions between sugars and the microbiome in human milk influence neonatal rotavirus infection and identifies maternal components that could improve the ... read more

Stigma Impairs Cognition in Men Living With HIV

Nov. 27, 2018 — A new study has drawn a direct link between the amount of stigma men with HIV report experiencing and their scores on cognitive tests, measuring abilities such as memory and ... read more

On the Trail of Rare Genetic Disease, Scientists Uncover Key Immune Regulator

Nov. 27, 2018 — Scientists have found an important immune system-regulating protein that in principle could be targeted to treat cancers and chronic viral ... read more

Vaccine Breakthrough Brings Researchers Closer to Eliminating Polio Worldwide

Nov. 27, 2018 — Injectable vaccine, freeze-dried into a powder, kept at room temperature for four weeks and then rehydrated, offered full protection against the polio virus when tested in ... read more

How Hantaviruses Infect Lung Cells

Nov. 23, 2018 — Hantaviruses cause severe and sometimes fatal respiratory infections, but how they infect lung cells has been a mystery. Researchers report that hantaviruses gain entry to lung cells by ... read more

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